For many women, breast cancer is the worst fear. It is the potential problems that can often be detected when women examine their breasts themselves, or by their doctor, and after having mammograms. Early identification of breast cancer is essential to successful treatment.
Types of Breast Diseases
Breast diseases may be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Noncancerous diseases are not life-threatening, and often they do not require any treatment. In reverse, breast cancer can mean the loss of a breast or life.
What are the causes of Breast Diseases?
- Hormone fluctuations due to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or use of hormonal drugs.
- Breast infections
- Fibrocystic differences
- Galactocele (a closed Milk Duct)
- Scar tissue that develops after an injury
What are the Symptoms of Breast Diseases?
Symptoms described to the breast are normal. These symptoms include
- Breast pain
- A discharge from the nipple
- Changes in the breast's skin
- A chunk that feels distinctly separate from other breast tissue
- A bump that is stick to the skin surface or chest wall
- Constant swelling that does not go away
- The scaly skin around the nipple
- Variations in the shape of the breast
Our expert performs a breast examination with the woman resting or lying down. They inspect the breasts for variations in shape, a nipple that turns inward, and lumps.
The doctor also reviews for dimpling, thickening, redness, or tightening of the skin over the breast. The breasts are squeezed to check for discharge. Check the armpits for enlarged lymph nodes.
What are the techniques?
Following are some of the techniques help the doctor to examine the breast of the woman.
- Imaging tests: It detects the breast abnormalities before they noticed and they are known as breast cancer screening.
- Mammography: It involves x-rays of both breasts to examine defects.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): It is used to diagnose abnormalities in the breast (women with dense breast tissue or a gene mutation).
- FNAC (Fine needle Aspiration cytology)
- OPEN BIOPSY
Available treatments of Breast Diseases
Keyhole Breast Surgeries
It is the standard form of breast compression surgery. In this, the doctor puts an anchor or a keyhole-shaped cut encompassing the areola stretching to the underside of the breast. Then inserts a small device to melt fat, and with a low power vacuum to extract it. After this, stitches the area to reduce the breast size.
EXCISION OF SMALL BREAST LUMPS
RADICAL MASTECTOMY FOR BREAST CANCER
Following are the things to be aware of after surgery.
- After your surgery, have an adhesive dressing for your wound.
- Use wound drains that drain blood and fluid from the injury into a small bottle or bag.
- Use pain relief medicines to control pain and discomfort.
- Follow the instructions given to you about the wound.
- Take usual bath and shower after surgery if you have a waterproof dressing on the wound.
- Try a little more physical activity each day.
- Do not to lift or carry anything heavy.